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Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Cure for ADHD

By Edited Jul 8, 2014 1 8

For many, ADHD is treated like a discriminating disease. People who suffer from ADHD are often mistreated or if not, they are looked down upon with judging eyes. This can be attributed to the fact that not everyone understands what ADHD really is. ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (sometimes referred to as ADD or Attention Deficit Disorder) devastates about 5% of today’s population. It means that in about 100 individuals, there are 5 who are diagnosed with ADHD. In this article, we will further discuss ADHD to enlighten everyone about the symptoms, causes, and cure for ADHD.

 ADHD causes

There is no actual specific reason behind ADHD cases. Most case studies about it however point out that possible ADHD causes include genetic and hereditary reasons, brain injury during infancy or childhood, environmental causes, and even food, diet, or nutrition.

ADHD Symptoms

There are various ADHD symptoms. The most prominent of which can be classified into three. These include the inability to stay focused or maintain attention in one subject for an extended period of time, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. The same symptoms are also where medical prescription and cure for ADHD are based from.

Hyperactivity defined

Hyperactivity in an individual is characterized by the need to be always on the go. For children, it is evident with the impulse to play and move around tirelessly. It is also exemplified by a seemingly nonstop desire to talk. Even when seated, hyperactivity can still be spotted through specific movements. Some of which include hands or feet which fidget all the time, pens or pencil being tapped ever so often, and more. In adolescence and adulthood, everyone with ADHD exemplify hyper-activeness through restlessness. Engaging in a lot of activities will ease restless thoughts.

ADHD Impulsiveness

ADHD impulsiveness is characterized by how children who are affected with the condition speak and act, particularly when expressing emotions. Kids with ADHD can blurt out offensive comments with no second thoughts nor remorse, express emotions with no restrictions, and will steal another child’s toy unabashed.

Teenagers and adults with ADHD on the other hand show impulsiveness and the need to see immediate results from anything he desires. This may mean compromising a more rewarding experience for an instant gratification of desires.

Lack of attention in ADHD

Lack of attention in ADHD is evident due to uncontrollable daydreaming and a short attention span. An ADHD patient also moves slow and does not comprehend as fast other individuals of the same age does. They are also often confused and lethargic. For kids, these are observed when they commit mistakes carelessly, particularly in school related tasks. For adolescents and adults, it is characterized by being lazy and negligent.  

There are also other symptoms besides these. Some of which include tics or the repetition of movements, issues with speech and hearing, problems with learning, behavioral issue like anxiety, OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder), ODD (oppositional defiant disorder), and CD (conduct disorder). The latter two explains why it’s not easy for everyone with ADHD to follow the rules. During adulthood, this defiance is manifested by not conforming to the law and authorities.

Types of ADHD

Based on all symptoms discussed, ADHD can be categorized into three. These include hyperactive-impulsive, inattentive, and a combination of both. The first type of ADHD pertains to a patient who shows a predominance of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The second type on the other hand makes a sufferer constantly daydream and become passive during childhood and adulthood. This explains why there is difficulty focusing on anything. The last type shows a combination of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and lack of attention.

Treatment and cure for ADHD

Medications are prescribed for everyone who suffers from ADHD with stimulants being the most used medication to make symptoms subside. Non-stimulant medication has also been prescribed as a recent development. They provide the same effect but with fewer side effects, if there is any. Antidepressants are also prescribed in some cases. Others even experiment and administer herbal supplements.

All these medications do not cure ADHD. As with most other medicines, a cure is not expected but at least the symptoms are inhibited. 



Apr 7, 2012 9:13am
I believe that many children are being *accused* of having ADHD. What I mean is that if a child behaves different than the expected, then there might not be anything wrong with the child, but the 'expectations' might be wrong! I.E. the problem is not the child, but the parents and/or teachers have a problem dealing with an active and creative child, and because the adults can't handle the situation, then they give medications to the child.
As an example: The 'boy illustration' at the beginning of your article may not show an example of ADHD! I could instead be a Van Gogh or Picasso in spe.
Apr 7, 2012 11:30am
You may be right. But although we can speculate that a child is suffering from ADHD, we can only assume but there's no guarantee that we are right unless otherwise proven by a thorough medical examination. The medications are of course prescribed only by a medical practitioner after a diagnosis has been recorded.
Apr 25, 2012 7:24am
I think of myself as an ADHD adult, although I was hoping for an answer here in regards to causes, since ADHD started to be diagnosed fairly recently, although now they trace since World War II. I remember my oldest son in kindergarten when this prescription became a frenzy... A pipeline, really... Teachers called it and referred it to the doctor who in turn prescribed almost automatically.

It was so easy and sudden it scared me. Especially when everyone seemed to accept it so naturally.

The field of medicine limited itself in the allopathic field or practice... Which is why I clicked on your article. They treat the symptoms. They took the symptoms and out of the symptoms defined a condition, a disease or a diagnostic. Based on that they push their medication... sigh...

Did you know studies show that not even psychologists can really pinpoint where does the supposed chemical imbalance in the brain lies yet they prescribe medications based on "chemical imbalance"?

Also, there is another aspect in regards to "condition" and "disease". A disease could be spread by bacteria or viruses... If ADHD is not contagious, like diabetes is not contagious, it should be more like a condition. Yet one finds even doctors talking labeling it as a disease.

In any event, I appreciate the article. The pharmaceutical industry is sure doing its job successfully in promoting diseases and conditions to cure "symptoms" yet they fall short in addressing the source for these ailments.

Thanks again.
May 8, 2012 12:58am
Even to this day, there's no concrete cause underlying ADHD. Everything we read in books are just theories about the possible cause of ADHD.
May 7, 2012 11:56pm
Useful info! I agree with askformore, and while it is imperative to diagnose ADHD early, it is also important to recognise the difference and not stifle creativity and individuality
May 8, 2012 12:58am
Thank you. True.
Sep 24, 2012 11:07am
I enjoyed your article - glad you did not suggest that there is a finite cure for ADHD - drugs are a control measure - they can never be a cure - my daughter teaches these children - they do have problems, as most children have problems, of one sort of another - the key is to work with them as they are, using their strengths to overcome their weaknesses - it can be done successfully, but it takes time, patience, and creativity - my daughter creates a different set of lessons for the specific needs of each child - the problem is that there are not enough teachers interested in working with these children, not to mention the patience and love needed to do so - more and more school children are exhibiting problems of one sort or another - the cause - there are theories, too complicated to go into here - regards, B.
Sep 24, 2012 3:44pm
I don't believe there's any specific cure for ADHD yet. Although meds may help, they don't entirely cure ADHD. What your daughter does is definitely noble for kids suffering from this type of issue. Thanks for reading!
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