There is no actual specific reason behind ADHD cases. Most case studies about it however point out that possible ADHD causes include genetic and hereditary reasons, brain injury during infancy or childhood, environmental causes, and even food, diet, or nutrition.
There are various ADHD symptoms. The most prominent of which can be classified into three. These include the inability to stay focused or maintain attention in one subject for an extended period of time, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. The same symptoms are also where medical prescription and cure for ADHD are based from.
Hyperactivity in an individual is characterized by the need to be always on the go. For children, it is evident with the impulse to play and move around tirelessly. It is also exemplified by a seemingly nonstop desire to talk. Even when seated, hyperactivity can still be spotted through specific movements. Some of which include hands or feet which fidget all the time, pens or pencil being tapped ever so often, and more. In adolescence and adulthood, everyone with ADHD exemplify hyper-activeness through restlessness. Engaging in a lot of activities will ease restless thoughts.
ADHD impulsiveness is characterized by how children who are affected with the condition speak and act, particularly when expressing emotions. Kids with ADHD can blurt out offensive comments with no second thoughts nor remorse, express emotions with no restrictions, and will steal another child’s toy unabashed.
Teenagers and adults with ADHD on the other hand show impulsiveness and the need to see immediate results from anything he desires. This may mean compromising a more rewarding experience for an instant gratification of desires.
Lack of attention in ADHD
Lack of attention in ADHD is evident due to uncontrollable daydreaming and a short attention span. An ADHD patient also moves slow and does not comprehend as fast other individuals of the same age does. They are also often confused and lethargic. For kids, these are observed when they commit mistakes carelessly, particularly in school related tasks. For adolescents and adults, it is characterized by being lazy and negligent.
There are also other symptoms besides these. Some of which include tics or the repetition of movements, issues with speech and hearing, problems with learning, behavioral issue like anxiety, OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder), ODD (oppositional defiant disorder), and CD (conduct disorder). The latter two explains why it’s not easy for everyone with ADHD to follow the rules. During adulthood, this defiance is manifested by not conforming to the law and authorities.
Types of ADHD
Based on all symptoms discussed, ADHD can be categorized into three. These include hyperactive-impulsive, inattentive, and a combination of both. The first type of ADHD pertains to a patient who shows a predominance of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The second type on the other hand makes a sufferer constantly daydream and become passive during childhood and adulthood. This explains why there is difficulty focusing on anything. The last type shows a combination of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and lack of attention.
Treatment and cure for ADHD
Medications are prescribed for everyone who suffers from ADHD with stimulants being the most used medication to make symptoms subside. Non-stimulant medication has also been prescribed as a recent development. They provide the same effect but with fewer side effects, if there is any. Antidepressants are also prescribed in some cases. Others even experiment and administer herbal supplements.
All these medications do not cure ADHD. As with most other medicines, a cure is not expected but at least the symptoms are inhibited.