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Articles about knowledge

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Lifestyle
by jkirsch
9 years ago
Plato's Theory of Recollection

In his Socratic dialogues The Phaedo and The Meno, Plato advances a theory concerning the acquisition of human knowledge. In these dialogues, Plato asserts that people acquire knowledge through recollection; that is, nothing is learned new, from experience. Knowledge exists a priori in the human soul, and while certain...

Lifestyle
by jkirsch
9 years ago
A Glossary of Terms Important in Ancient Greek Philosophy

αισθησις - aisthesis: Perception. One of Theaetetus' answers to Socrates question, "What is Knowledge?" in Plato's Theaetetus. Theaetetus' answer differs from empiricism, in which raw perceptions are the basis for reasoning which leads to knowledge. Instead, he asserts that raw perceptions are, themselves, the only knowledge. Socrates argues that...

Lifestyle
by jkirsch
9 years ago
Protagoras and Gorgias

The two great Sophists Protagoras and Gorgias shifted the focus of Pre-Socratic philosophy from older attempts to elucidate Absolute Being to a more practical, humanistic system of thought. Whereas previous philosophers, such as those from the Milesian school or even atomists like Democritus, sought to discover the Absolute, that...

Lifestyle
by jkirsch
9 years ago
The Political Novel

Since its inception as a form of art, the novel has been used to convey political messages. In fact, for certain stylistic reasons (which shall be examined in due course), the novel lends itself to the presentation of political messages in a manner just as effectively as, or even...

Lifestyle
by jkirsch
11 years ago
The Revolutionary Ideas Behind Voltaire's Candide

Voltaire's use of satire in his Candide has two major aims. First of all, Voltaire, in general, pokes fun at all of the basic institutions of 18th Century European society in an effort to reveal their absurdity. Secondly, and perhaps primarily, Voltaire's satire is a continuous attack on the...

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