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History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Battle of Cape Matapan and its Aftermath

The Battle of the Mediterranean largely involved the Royal Navy and Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea from 1940 to 1943. As Italy's army invaded Egypt in 1940, a new front opened in North Africa. During this period, naval superiority in the Med was essential for both sides to...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
How the Allies Defeated Fascist Italy

Fascist Italy entered the war in 1940 when its troops advanced into Egypt. The Italians were expanding their empire in the Mediterranean. That was the plan at least, but Britain was not defeated. Defeating Italy may have only been a subsidiary military objective, but for the Allies in the...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The History of the Imperial Japanese Navy in the 20th Century

The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was the navy of the Japanese Empire.[1] In the first half of the 20th century, it was one of the largest and most advanced navies in the world. However, the Pacific War ensured the demise of the IJN and dissolution of Japan's empire.  In...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Pearl Harbor Airstrike and its Aftermath

Pearl Harbor was the result of a culmination of events in the Pacific. Deteriorating US-Japanese relations in the period from 1931 to 1941 put the two nations on a path to war, which started at Pearl Harbor. In 1931, the Japanese military occupied parts of China. A larger scale invasion...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Truk Raid

The Allied island-hopping campaign began in earnest in 1943. After the Japanese withdrawal from Guadalcanal, the Gilbert Islands were among the first in which U.S. Marines landed. At the Battle of Tarawa they occupied Beito and the rest of the Gilberts in late 1943. Once these islands had fallen,...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
An Overview of Operation Forager

Operation Forager was the combined Allied operation in the Marianas and Palau from June to November 1944. The operation included various battles at Saipan, Guam and Peleliu. It was an operation primarily targeting the seizure of new airfields for further air campaigns over the Japanese home islands and the...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Battle of Singapore

The Battle of Singapore was a battle in the Pacific War between Japanese and British armies in 1942. It marked one of the high points of the war for Japan, and ultimately demonstrated the weaknesses of Britain's military in the Pacific. The events that led to the Battle of...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
A Brief History of the Yamato-class Battleships

The Yamato-class ships were the IJN's 72,800 ton giant battleships constructed during the interwar period. The Yamato-class battleships consisted of the Yamato and the Musashi. The IJN (Imperial Japanese Navy) laid the first blueprints for the battleships in 1934, and construction commenced at the Kure Naval Dockyard in 1937. ...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Battle of Leyte Gulf

The Battle of Leyte Gulf, in 1944, was the largest naval encounter in the war. The Imperial Japanese Navy had already had increasingly large losses in battles such as the Battle of Midway and the Philippine Sea, which wiped out their carrier fleets. However, as the Americans targeted Leyte...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
The Battle of River Plate and its Aftermath

The Battle of River Plate was one of the first naval battles of WWII in 1939 between the√ā¬†Kriegsmarine and Royal Navy. As it included one pocket battleship and three cruisers it was not an especially large sea battle, but during a period of relative military inactivity it was a...

History
by egdcltd
4 years ago
Julius Rosenwald's Little Black Schoolhouses

The world of philanthropy can spawn some truly interesting characters, such as Jewish business tycoon, Julius Rosenwald. Crossing cultural and ethnic lines he created a foundation that funded schools to educate Americans of African descent at a time in America when the average person thought blacks weren't worth educating.

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
Famous Battleships of World War II

There were a number of famous battleships during the 1940s. While battleships gradually become more obsolete, before the war they still dominated most of the world’s largest navies. They remained a key support ship to aircraft carriers and were also effective for shore bombardments. The Yamato was the...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
Britain's Involvement in World War One

Britain's involvement in World War One was significant. Without the support of the U.K., France might not have been able to win the war on the Western Front. As such, the war's outcome could have been somewhat different had Britain not been involved on France's side. In the period before...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
Germany's Involvement in World War One

Germany's involvement in World War One was significant in both Western and Eastern Europe. The Germans had the strongest military of their alliance, and indeed perhaps the rest of Europe. As such, their alliance, which included Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey, almost entirely depended on German military support. Upon the outbreak...

History
by HLesley
4 years ago
Lest We Forget: How Londoners Sheltered in the Underground During World War Two

How Londoners gained shelter from the nightly bombings the city experienced during Hitler's Blitz.

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
World War II: The North Africa Campaign

The North Africa Campaign was a front in World War 2 that involved British and Commonwealth, Italian, American and German troops. Although not the largest front in the conflict, it was of strategic significance to both the Allies and the Axis. The campaign began in 1940 when Italy joined...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
World War II: The USA's Involvement in the Pacific

The United States involvement in the war generally came as a result of tensions in the Pacific and Far East with the Japanese Empire. Japan's advances into China had concerned the West, in addition with Japan's withdrawal from the League of Nations during the 1930s. As such, the United...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
Why Japan Lost the Pacific War

The Pacific War that began in the early 1940s ended in defeat for the Japanese Empire. The Japanese Empire had all but crumbled, with little left of an empire that previously stretched from Manchuria to New Guinea. Historians debate whether this was a war that Japan could ever have...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
Allied Carrier-Based Aircraft of the 1940s

The Allies had the largest fleets of aircraft carriers. Only the Imperial Japanese Navy had a fleet of aircraft carriers to match them, and those were gradually wiped out in the Pacific War. Neither the Germans or Italians constructed any, and this certainly gave the Allies an advantage at...

History
by MatthewA
4 years ago
A Timeline of the USS Yorktown From Construction to Sinking

The USS Yorktown was one of the U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers stationed at Pearl Harbor in the '40s. This was a large aircraft carrier that could support up to 90 aircraft, and had a displacement of almost 20,000 tons. It was the first of the Yorktown-class aircraft carriers...

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