The case for the Culex genus of mosquitoes as Zika vectors is becoming stronger. Aedes prefer to live indoors and never stray far from people. So, it was a surprise to learn that Florida's Zika outbreak stemmed from about 30 cruise ship passengers. What's more, evidence is mounting that Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes are not effective in the long-term and may even enhance viral infection. Problem is: Wolbachia can never be taken back. Is it too late to restore critical ecosystems? I don't know, but more Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases are set to take place in Florida, India, Selangor, Vietnam, New Caledonia, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and Medellin (Columbia).
Just when I thought Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases were a big coincidence in certain Zika-endemic regions of the world, the perfect reservoir is paired up with them. And this bird doesn't migrate; therefore, the poorest people in the world are once again the most vulnerable. What's worse: discovering outright lies by public health authorities and the omission of glaring scientific facts. Looking for Zika in birds is about as fundamental as plugging in your computer.
I think Bill Gates has tinkered enough with human health. An editorial in the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics linked 47,500 new cases of non-polio AFP [Acute Flaccid Paralysis] to Bill and Melinda Gates' polio vaccines. I haven't delved into the polio claims, but in the case of Zika, I feel strongly that Bill Gates has blindly plunged ahead into dangerous territory promoting Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes. I just hope it's not too late to restore ecological balances in areas where these releases have been carried out.
Every so often a wreck site will surface. Sometimes found by fishing boats, other times by salvage companies, divers or amateur explorers. In recent years there have been some pretty cool and/or unusual cargo finds. I'm not talking about treasure (i.e. gold or other coinage), but other valuable items that are remarkably well-preserved.
The WHO ignored the early warnings in February 2016 about the Culex genus of mosquitoes and now Zika is spreading throughout the poorest regions of the globe. Our public health authorities failed to contain the virus and repeatedly downplayed or ignored crucial scientific facts. Culex mosquitoes in Brazil and China are spreading Zika (which means birds are likely reservoir hosts). What's worse: Wolbachia that is acquired by any species after (or perhaps along with) a Zika infection is probably enhanced by Wolbachia. Bottom line: Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases are likely at the root of this global pandemic and their detrimental impact to humans (and other vertebrate species) must be investigated by independent researchers.
Some scientists have sold their souls, apparently. After reading a study that blamed El NiÃ±o for the spread of Zika, I couldn't help but delve deeper into what Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes might be doing to humans. And as I researched further, it became clear why Culex mosquitoes have been dismissed as Zika vectors: Wolbachia-infected Aedes mosquito releases are heavily funded by four governments (including Bill Gates). And they could be causing more harm than good.
Over the past few days, I've been shocked to see and hear obvious attempts to downplay Zika's similarities to West Nile virus. And what I discovered sent chills up my spine. It's possible that a seemingly harmless mosquito control method (using the bacterium Wolbachia) could enhance the Zika virus in Culex mosquitoes. And Culex have finally been acknowledged as a vector of Zika (by the WHO). In California and Florida, Culex mosquitoes are everywhere. And it appears that dangerous decisions have been (and are being) made by our public health authorities that we can never undo.
No surprise: money is probably at the root of why the public (and many in the scientific community) are ignoring, omitting, or downplaying the fact that the Zika virus is found in birds. Forty-five years ago, 15 percent of birds studied in Uganda were found to be reservoir hosts of the Zika virus. That percentage would only increase as Zika has spread and mutated around the globe. And Culex are also vectors of the Zika virus (this has been proven by three independent research teams out of Brazil, China, and Canada). Those culpable for the most harmful strain of Zika may be the backers of Wolbachia-infected mosquito releases. The people involved include Bill and Melinda Gates and the following governments: UK Department for International Development, United States Agency for International Development through the Combating Zika and Future Threats Grand Challenge, Australian and Queensland governments, and the Brazilian government. With those deep pockets and power, it's no wonder why crucial studies and reports have magically disappeared from the internet.
Once I researched Wolbachia some more, I realized there has been a dangerous precedent already set in motion in California, Brazil, Columbia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and Australia. Two separate research teams found Culex infected by a specific type of Wolbachia caused a totally unexpected result: an increase in West Nile and malaria infections. Culex already harbor Wolbachia, however, there are numerous strains of this bacteria. Since the WHO has finally admitted that Culex are also a vector of Zika, I felt it was prudent for Florida (and other regions of the world) to be aware of the risks involved with Wolbachia-based mosquito control and to test out whether local Culex - that will eventually acquire it naturally from the Wolbachia-infected Aedes - will become (or are already) a more worrisome vector of the Zika virus.
The carelessness of our public health authorities over the Zika virus has disappointed me immensely this past year. And just when I thought there would be some signs of remorse, WHO's director-general, Dr. Margaret Chan, blamed the vector control strategies of countries in southeast Asia. Meanwhile, she has known since February 2016 that Culex mosquitoes were also a likely Zika vector that require entirely different eradication methods. But even worse: Wolbachia-infected Aedes mosquitoes have been released in various regions of the world for the past six years. And while Wolbachia in Aedes may not be transmitted to humans; Culex mosquitoes are capable of acquiring it and transmitting it. Culex are able to infect humans with filarial worms infected with Wolbachia. And Wolbachia seem to play an inordinate role in diseases. For weeks I pored over studies and found to my utter shock that Culex with Zika and Wolbachia could be responsible for some of the most devastating outcomes for human life.
Who says money doesn't grow on trees? While you might not find cold hard cash, in Australia, you might find traces of gold in the leaves of eucalyptus trees.
Need answers to questions like why leaves change color in Autumn or why do Bees buzzÉ Read on...
Six species of tree are known that can exceed 300 feet (90 meters) in height, all of which are located in either western North America or southeastern Australia and Tasmania. These two locations are indisputably home to the largest trees on our planet.
Learn scientific explanation to why the ocean and skies are blue and why the Universe is black regardless of the presence of many stars.
As workers frantically worked towards stopping the already massive damage from the 2010 oil spill, archeologists had brought up the several ways these historical shipwrecks, artifacts and other remnants are now threatened as well.
Truly exquisite, anthodites are a fine example of nature's unique treasures. It is said there are only a few places in the world where these jewels of nature are on display for the public to see.
This article will help you spot common weather-related myths and misunderstandings. It will help you understand and talk about weather in a scientifically accurate and informed way, which will either annoy your friends or impress them.
Does Southern California have any volcanoes? The answer is yes. There is one near the Salton Sea that the USGS has rated as a high risk of a future eruption. Called the Salton Buttes, this is Southern California's only active volcano.