Diabetes is a metabolic disorder of the pancreas with variations depending on the level of function of the pancreas; the production of little or no insulin results in Type 1 diabetes, the failure of the body to use insulin properly results in Type 2 diabetes or there can be a combination of the two.

Metabolism is the breaking down of food for growth and energy. Most food is broken down into glucose, fuel used by the body which is simply a form of sugar. In order for cells to have access to this glucose, insulin must be present.

In a healthy body, the pancreas produces enough insulin to transport the glucose to the cells, in people with diabetes either there is not enough insulin to get the glucose to the cells or the cells are not using insulin properly. In either case there is a buildup of glucose in the blood which then spills over into the kidneys and is released through urination. The end result is a loss of energy due to the body losing its fuel source.

Treatment of diabetes varies from insulin injections to oral medications and lifestyle changes. Type 1 diabetics produce little or no insulin and must rely on insulin injections or insulin pumps to provide their body with insulin. Type 1 diabetics are typically born with the disease or develop it early in life for unknown reasons.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and can usually be treated with oral medications, diet and exercise. It is most often a result of aging or obesity.

Diabetics can live long, healthy lives by following a nutrition plan and taking their prescribed medications. Research continues into ways to prevent diabetes and new ways to treat it.